Multilayered Complexity Analysis in Architectural Design: Two Measurement Methods Evaluating Self-Similarity and Complexity
Fractal and Fractional, Vol. 5 (2021), 4; pp 1-25.
Wolfgang E. Lorenz und Matthias Kulcke
wolfgang.lorenz (at) tuwien.ac.at
Keywords: architectural analysis, fractal analysis, visual complexity, box–counting, grasshopper, web application, redundancy, proportion, form and geometry, gradient analysis
Vienna/Hamburg; Austria/Germany; Nov., 2021
This article contributes to clarifying the questions of whether and how fractal geometry, i.e., some of its main properties, are suitable to characterize architectural designs. This is done in reference to complexity–related aesthetic qualities in architecture, taking advantage of the measurability of one of them; the fractal dimension. Research in this area so far, has focused on 2–dimensional elevation plans. The authors present several methods to be used on a variety of source formats, among them a recent method to analyze pictures taken from buildings, i.e., 2.5–dimensional representations, to discuss the potential that lies within their combination. Color analysis methods will provide further information on the significance of a multilayered production and observation of results in this realm. In this publication results from the box–counting method are combined with a coordinate–based method for analyzing redundancy of proportions and their interrelations as well as the potential to include further layers of comparison are discussed. It presents a new area of boxcounting implementation, a methodologically redesigned gradient analysis and its new algorithm as well as the combination of both. This research shows that in future systems it will be crucial to integrate several strategies to measure balanced aesthetic complexity in architecture.